Saud bin Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad Al Saud

After the death of Abdul Aziz, his son, Saud, ruled from 1803 (1218 AH) through 1814 (1230 AH). In 1803 (1218 AH), Saud bin Abdul Aziz, provoked by the Sharif of Makkah, marched on the Holy City and took it. There he and his men performed Hajj. The Saudi Kingdom now stretched from Nejd to Hasa in the west and south towards Najran.

Such an increase in authority was not to pass unchallenged. The Turkish Empire concluded that action must be taken and invited Muhammad Ali, the Viceroy of Egypt (which at that time fell within the Ottoman sphere of influence) to dismantle the work of Muhammad bin Saud, his son and grandson, and to put an end to the emerging nation.

Before Saud bin Abdul Aziz died in 1814 (1230 AH), Muhammad Ali had retaken the Hijaz.

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Profile of Saudi Arabia

The Country Profile contains thousands of pages of information on every aspect of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including its geography, history and development (political, economic and social).