Eastern Region

The Eastern Region contains the Kingdom's massive petroleum resources. The headquarters of Saudi oil industry is located in this region in Dhahran, a few miles from the administrative capital and port of Dammam. Ras Tanura, the world's largest petroleum port, is located to the north of Dhahran.

Up the coast is the site of the Kingdom's new industrial complex at Jubail. The fertile oasis-cities of Qatif and Hofuf are also located here.

A special weather phenomenon affecting chiefly the Eastern Region is the north-westerly winds called the Shamals. These are prevalent during late spring and early summer, reaching their greatest frequency in June.

Related Items

Night view of industrial area in Jubail Click to view high resolution version

Night view of industrial area in Jubail

Main reference point:


Profile of Saudi Arabia

The Country Profile contains thousands of pages of information on every aspect of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including its geography, history and development (political, economic and social).